Phnom Penh, Cambodia’s busy capital, sits at the junction of the Mekong and Tonlé Sap rivers. It was a hub for both the Khmer Empire and French colonialists. On its walkable riverfront, lined with parks, restaurants and bars, is the ornate Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda and the National Museum, displaying artifacts from around the country. At the city’s heart is massive, art deco Central Market.
The resort town of Siem Reap, in northwestern Cambodia, is gateway to the ruins of Angkor, the seat of the Khmer kingdom from the 9th-15th centuries. Angkor’s vast complex of intricate stone buildings includes preserved Angkor Wat, the main temple, which is pictured on Cambodia’s flag. Giant, mysterious faces are carved into the Bayon temple at Angkor Thom.
Macau is a former colony of Portugal, located in China. Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East as well as the last. Today, Macau has been designated a Special Administrative Region of China, meaning it enjoys near autonomy, except for its foreign affairs and defense, which are taken care of by China. Macau (or Macao) is the name for this region in Portuguese, but it is called Aomen in Chinese.